World Diabetes Day 2023: What is the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus?


World Diabetes Day 2023: Generally everyone knows that diabetes means increased sugar. In common conversation, people say that I have sugar. But do you know that there are mainly two types of diabetes? Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.


Both types of diabetes are caused by two types of hormones and both are completely different from each other.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?
In diabetes mellitus, the level of glucose in the blood, also known as blood sugar, increases. Your kidneys remove this extra glucose from the body through urine.

What is Diabetes Insipidus?
In diabetes insipidus the fluid balance of your body gets disturbed. In this, your glucose levels remain normal, but your kidneys produce large amounts of diluted urine, due to which you need to urinate frequently.

Diabetes mellitus vs diabetes insipidus
Diabetes mellitus occurs due to an imbalance of insulin hormone in the body and in diabetes insipidus, the body is unable to produce vasopressin hormone or the kidney does not respond to this hormone.

In diabetes mellitus, pancreas organs are involved whereas in diabetes insipidus, kidneys are involved.

In diabetes mellitus, the pancreas is not able to produce insulin in sufficient quantity. Insulin works to keep the blood glucose level balanced. When insulin is not produced in sufficient quantity, the amount of sugar in the body increases. Due to this, excess sugar starts getting released through urine, due to which extra water also comes out from the body and there is a need to urinate frequently.


At the same time, in diabetes insipidus, it happens that there is a problem with the vasopressin hormone which decides the amount of water released in urine. Vasopressin is either not produced in sufficient quantity or the kidneys are not able to control it properly, due to which extra water comes out of the kidneys and goes out of the body through urine. Due to this, the person excretes large amounts of diluted urine. This can cause dehydration problems.

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